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Saturday, July 17, 2021

Installing and Configuring Computer Systems

 Competency-Based Learning Materials


 


COMPUTER SYSTEMS SERVICING NC II


CORE COMPETENCY


Module Title:

Installing and Configuring Computer Systems 

Unit of Competency:

Install and Configure Computer Systems



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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page


How to Use


Introduction 5


Technical Terms 6


Learning Outcome 1 Assemble Computer Hardware 8


Information Sheet1.1 9


Information Sheet 1.2 10


Self Check 1.1 1


Information Sheet 1.3 16


Information Sheet 1.4 17


Self-Check 1.3 31


Information Sheet 1.5 32


Answer Keys 36


Learning Outcome 2 Prepare Installer 37


Information Sheet 2.1 38


Information Sheet2.2 40


Learning Outcome 3 Install Operating system 41


Information Sheet 3.1 42


Information Sheet 3.3 43


Self Check 3.1 45


Answer Keys 46


Learning Outcome 3 Conduct Validation and Testing 48


Information Sheet 3.1 49


Self-Check3.1 52


Information Sheet 3.2 53


Operation Sheet3.2. 55


Information Sheet3.3 56


Self-Check3.3 57


Information Sheet 3.4 58


Operation Sheet 3.4 60


Information Sheet 3.5 61


Operation Sheet 3.5. 63


Answer Keys 64


 

HOW TO USE THIS MODULE



Welcome to the Module “Installing of Computer System”. This module contains training materials and activities for you to complete.


The unit of competency “Install and Configure Computer Systems” contains knowledge, skills and attitudes required for a Computer Systems Servicing NC II course.


You are required to go through a series of learning activities in order to complete each of the learning outcomes of the module. In each learning outcome there are Information Sheets, Operation Sheets, and Activity Sheets. Follow these activities on your own and answer the Self-Check at the end of each learning activity.


If you have questions, don’t hesitate to ask your teacher for assistance.



Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)


You may already have some of the knowledge and skills covered in this module because you have:

o been working for some time

o already have completed training in this area.


If you can demonstrate to your teacher that you are competent in a particular skill or skills, talk to him/her about having them formally recognized so you don’t have to do he same training again. If you have a qualification or Certificate of Competency from previous trainings show it to your teacher. If the skills you acquired are still current and relevant to this module, they may become part of the evidence you can present for RPL. If you are not sure about the currency of your skills, discuss it with your teacher.


After completing this module ask your teacher to assess your competency. Result of your assessment will be recorded in your competency profile. All the learning activities are designed for you to complete at your own pace.


Inside this module you will find the activities for you to complete followed by relevant information sheets for each learning outcome. Each learning outcome may have more than one learning activity.

 

Program/Course : Computer Systems Servicing NC II

Unit of Competency : Install and Configure Computer Systems

Module : Installing and Configuring Computer Systems


INTRODUCTION:


This module contains information and suggested learning activities on Computer Systems Servicing II. It includes activities and materials on Installation of Computer Systems and Networks.


Completion of this module will help you better understand the succeeding module on the Installing and configuring computer systems.


This module consists of 5 learning outcomes. Each learning outcome contains learning activities supported by each instruction sheets. Before you perform the instructions, read the information sheets and answer the self-check and activities provided to ascertain to yourself and your teacher that you have acquired the knowledge necessary to perform the skill portion of the particular learning outcome. 


Upon completion of this module, report to your teacher for assessment to check your achievement of knowledge and skills requirement of this module. If you pass the assessment, you will be given a certificate of completion.


SUMMARY OF LEARNING OUTCOMES:


Upon completion of the module you should be able to:


LO1 Assemble computer hardware

LO2 Prepare installer

LO3 Install operating system and drivers for peripherals/ devices

LO4 Install application software

LO5 Conduct testing and documentation


 

TECHNICAL TERMS


Anti-Static – A product that prevents the build up of static electricity

BIOS – Basic Input/Output System, chip that controls the most basic functions of the computer and performs a self-test every time you turn it on.

Flash drive– RAM that can retain data without electrical power. It is widely used for BIOS chips and for digital camera and digital music storage.

Graphic tablet – objects are drawn using a pen or a puck.  The puck is technically a tablet cursor, not a mouse.

Goggles –  A large spectacles, with shields around the rims, for protecting the eyes from dust, excessive light, wind, etc.

Hard-disk drive – is a storage device that stores billions of characters of data on a nonremovable disk.

Hardware- refers to the tangible (things you can touch) components of a computer system.  Hardware components are further divided into three groups namely

Joy Stick - a hand-held control stick that allows a player to control the movements of a cursor on a computer screen or a symbol in a video game .

LAN Card – Local area network interface card.  

Laptop computer- A small, portable computer -- small enough that it can sit on your lap. 

Local Area Network- the smallest of the three network types, consist of PCs connected together within a limited area, such as within the same building, floor or department.

Mainframe: A powerful multi-user computer capable of supporting many hundreds or thousands of users simultaneously. 

Metropolitan Area Network – are network that spans no more than 50 miles.  It is design to connect LANs spanning a town or city

Minicomputer: A multi-user computer capable of supporting up to hundreds of users simultaneously. 

Motherboard – contains the CPU, BIOS, Memory, mass storage interfaces, serial and parallel ports, expansion slot and all the controllers required to control standard peripheral devices such as the display screen, keyboard and disk drive


Multimedia- is the combination of different types of communication media (sound, print, video, and so on)

Multitester- is an instrument use to measure voltage, current and resistance.

NIC – Network Interface Card–The PC expansion board that plug into a personal computer or server and works with the network operating system to control the flow of information over the network.

Network – is a communications system connecting two or more computers.

OHS – Occupational Health and Safety

Operating System (Os) -software that controls the allocation and use of programs and data that a computer uses.

Passive Hubs– simply connects various cables

Personal computer: A small, single-user computer based on a microprocessor. 

Port hub /Port – is a connector on the back of a computer or other device.  A port is either a serial port or a parallel port.

Peers- mean any computer sharing the same protocol layer with another computer.

Protocol – refers to the specific standards governing the sending and receiving of data.

Printer - It is a piece of hardware that produces a paper copy (also known as ‘hardcopy’) of the information generated by the computer.

RAM – Random Access Memory, is a primary memory.  This memory is used inside the computer to hold programs and data while it is running.

RJ 45 – is the connector plugged into the NIC ports on computers and often connecting the main networking hardware together.

Router – a device that forwards data packets between Local or Wide Area Network groups.

Scanner- it is an input device that read text or illustration printed on paper, translates the information into a form that a computer can use.

Server – is a part of a network.  It is a special computer that users on the network can asses to carry out a particular job.

Software – programs and data that a computer uses.

Software applications- enables you to perform specific tasks- solve problems, perform work, or entertain yourself.

Sound Device Driver Installer / Sound and Audio Devices – A windows XP Control Panel applet, called Sounds, and Multimedia in Windows 2000, for configuring the system’s sound card.

Static – The discharge of electricity between two objects with different electrical potential

Sub notebook computer - A portable computer that is slightly lighter and smaller than a full-sized notebook computer. Typically, sub notebook computers have a smaller keyboard and screen, but are otherwise equivalent to notebook computers.

USB – Universal Serial Bus, a hardware interface for low-speed peripherals such as the keyboard, mouse, joystick, scanner, printer and telephony devices. 

Video Camera - camera using videotape: a camera that records onto videotape

 

Program/Course : Computer Systems Servicing NC II

Unit of Competency : Install and Configure Computer Systems

Module : Installing and Configuring Computer Systems


Learning Outcome 01: Assemble computer hardware


Assessment Criteria:  


1. Unit assembly is planned and prepared to ensure OH&S policies and procedures are followed in accordance with systems requirements 

2. Materials necessary to complete the work are identified and obtained in accordance with established procedures and checked against systems requirements 

3. Tools, equipment and testing devices needed to carry out the installation work are obtained in accordance with established procedures and checked for correct operation and safety 

4. Computer hardware is assembled in accordance with established procedures and systems requirements 

5. Basic-input-output-system (BIOS) configuration is performed in accordance with hardware requirements.


Resources:


Equipment and Accessories Tools Materials

LAN Card

UPS

Server

24 port-hub

Modem

Fax machine

PC Video camera

USBExternalCD writer

USB scanner

USB printers

USB Flash Drive Screwdriver(standard)

Screwdriver(Philips)

Long nose pliers

Mechanical pliers

Allen wrench

Multitester

Crimping tools

Soldering iron (30 watts)

Wire stripper

LAN Tester

Anti-static wrist wrap

Device drivers/installers Software applications

Network OS Software

RJ 45

UTP Cat 5 cable

Motherboard’s manual and installer

Sound device driver installer

References:

Sto. Domingo, Josephine C.,Learning Windows XP and Internet the Easy Way Computers-The Easy Way

Andres Sr., Antonio M. Introduction of Computer. Fully Illustrated, ValenzuelaCity; May 2003 World Class Publishing and Packaging 

HASOP (Hardware, Software and Peripherals)Reference Manual, 2005

Microsoft ® Encarta ® Reference Library 2005. © 1993-2004 Microsoft Corporation. 

Computer Fundamentals, MakatiCity: STI Technology Institute Inc.; Copyright 1997



INFORMATION SHEET 1.1


OHS Policies and Procedures



Occupational Health and Safety Policy


In the school as a computer teacher you must be aware of how your students behave when they are working in the computer laboratory, as well as implementing a safe way of accomplishing every task.  Safety practices should be learned early and always adhered to when working with any electrical device, including personal computers and peripherals.  This is for the protection of not only the people working with them, but also for the devices themselves. The basis for this process begins with your Occupational Health and Safety Policies.

Personal Safety While Working Along With PC’s

Computer equipment can be dangerous, and you or others can be injured or even killed if you don’t follow proper safety guidelines when working along PC’s.  The following are some precautionary measures to take before working with any computer equipment:


OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY (OHS) PROCEDURES


1. Wear shoes with non-conductive rubber soles to help reduce the chance of being shocked or seriously injured in an electrical accident.

2. Do not work on components that are plugged into their power source.

3. Do not remove expansion cards or other components a computer when it is turned on.

4. Remove all jewelry when working inside any computer related equipment.

5. Be sure not to mix electronic components and water.

6. Do not over tighten the screws.

7. Always handle computer components by the edges.

8. Wear an anti-static device to prevent Electro Static Discharge.

INFORMATION SHEET 1.2


Tools, Equipment and Testing


The following tools and equipment are classified according to their functions and uses.


Equipment and Accessories Tools Materials

LAN Card

UPS

Server

24 port-hub

Modem

Fax machine

PC Video camera

USBExternalCD writer

USB scanner

USB printers

USB Flash Drive Screwdriver(standard)

Screwdriver(Philips)

Long nose pliers

Mechanical pliers

Allen wrench

Multitester

Crimping tools

Soldering iron (30 watts)

Wire stripper

LAN Tester

Anti-static wrist wrap

Device drivers/installers Software applications

Network OS Software

RJ 45

UTP Cat 5 cable

Motherboard’s manual and installer

Sound device driver installer



LAN Card – is a network interface card.  This is a computer circuit board or card that is installed in a computer so that it can be connected to a network.

 


Server – is a part of a network.  It is a special computer that users on the network can asses to carry out a particular job.  



Port hub /Port – is a connector on the back of a computer or other device.  A port is either a serial port or a parallel port.



 


Modem -  (Modulator-Demodulator) The modem is a device that allows a given computer to share data or otherwise a device which let computers exchange information

 



USB – Universal Serial Bus, a hardware interface for low-speed peripherals such as the keyboard, mouse, joystick, scanner, printer and telephony devices. 



 


Scanner- it is an input device that read text or illustration printed on paper, translates the information into a form that a computer can use.

 


Flat Screw Driver – is used to drive or fasten negative slotted screws

 



Printer - it is a piece of hardware that produces a paper copy (also known as ‘hardcopy’) of the information generated by the computer.





RAM – Random Access Memory, is a primary memory.  This memory is used inside the computer to hold programs and data while it is running.


BIOS – Basic Input/Output System, chip that controls the most basic functions of the computer and performs a self-test every time you turn it on.



Flash drive– RAM that can retain data without electrical power. It is widely used for BIOS chips and for digital camera and digital music storage.

 



Video Camera - camera using videotape: a camera that records onto videotape            

 

Long nose Pliers – is used for holding, bending and stretching the lead of electronics component or connecting wire.



Soldering Iron – is used to join two or more metal conductors with the support of soldering lead melted around it.

 


Desoldering Tool – is used to unsolder unwanted parts or component in the circuit with the support of soldering pencil

 


Philips Screw Driver- is used to drive or fasten positive slotted screws  





Multitester- is an instrument use to measure voltage, current and resistance.  





RJ 45 – is the connector plugged into the NIC ports on computers and often connecting the main networking hardware together.



UTP – Unshielded Twisted Pair, is a popular type of cable used in computer networking that consists of two shielded wires twisted around each other.  



Motherboard – contains the CPU, BIOS, memory, mass storage interfaces, serial and parallel ports, expansion slot and all the controllers required to control standard peripheral devices such as the display screen, keyboard and disk drive.  



Software applications 

Software -  is the programs and data that a computer uses.



Network OS Software

Network-are multiple computers linked together to make simultaneous information sharing and exchange by multiple users.


Sound Device Driver Installer / Sound and Audio Devices – A windows XP Control Panel applet, called Sounds, and Multimedia in Windows 2000, for configuring the system’s sound card.

 

SELF-CHECK 1.1


Directions.


A. Identify the following tools, and materials and give their uses.

Use a separate sheet of paper in answering.


1. 

.  

2. 

 


3.

 

4.

 


5.

 




B. Fill in the blanks with the correct answer.


___________1.  It is a connector at the back of a computer or other device.

___________2.A computer circuit board installed in a computer so that it can be connected to a network.

___________3.  A device that allows a given computer to share data.

___________4.  An input device that read text or illustration printed on paper, translated the information into a form that a computer that can use.

___________5.  The least expensive and most popular network media.



C. Enumerate the occupation health & safety (ohs) procedures


1. Fdf

2. Fdf

3. Fdf

4. Dfd

5. Fd

6. Fd

7. Fd

8. f

 

INFORMATION SHEET 1.3


Configuration and Computer Systems and Network’s Hardware



 




 




SELF CHECK 1.4


What is Computer?


A computer is a device that accepts information (in the form of digitalized data) and manipulates it for some result based on a program or sequence of instructions on how the data is to be processed.



TYPES OF COMPUTER:


Since the advent of the first computer different types and sizes of computers are offering different services. Computers can be as big as occupying a large building and as small as a laptop or a microcontroller in systems. The four basic types of computers are:


1. Super computer

2. Mainframe computer

3. Minicomputer

4. Microcomputer


1. Supercomputer 


The most powerful computers in terms of performance and data processing are the supercomputers. These are specialized and task specific computers used by large organizations. These computers are used for research and exploration purposes, like NASA uses supercomputers for launching space shuttles, controlling them and for space exploration purpose.


Uses of Supercomputer

In Pakistan and other countries Supercomputers are used by Educational Institutes like NUST (Pakistan) for research purposes. Pakistan Atomic Energy commission & Heavy Industry Taxila uses supercomputers for Research purposes.


Space Exploration

Supercomputers are used to study the origin of the universe, the dark-matters. For these studies scientist use IBM’s powerful supercomputer “Roadrunner” at National Laboratory Los Alamos.


Earthquake studies


Supercomputers are used to study the Earthquakes phenomenon. Besides that supercomputers are used for natural resources exploration, like natural gas, petroleum, coal, etc.


Weather Forecasting

Supercomputers are used for weather forecasting, and to study the nature and extent of Hurricanes, Rainfalls, windstorms, etc.


Nuclear weapons testing

Supercomputers are used to run weapon simulation that can test the Range, accuracy & impact of Nuclear weapons.   


Popular Supercomputers


IBM’s Sequoia, in United States

Fujitsu’s K Computer in Japan

IBM’s Mira in United States

IBM’s SuperMUC in Germany

NUDT Tianhe-1A in China


2. Mainframe computer

 

Although Mainframes are not as powerful as supercomputers, but certainly they are quite expensive nonetheless, and many large firms & government organizations uses Mainframes to run their business operations. The Mainframe computers can be accommodated in large air-conditioned rooms because of its size. Super-computers are the fastest computers with large data storage capacity, Mainframes can also process & store large amount of data. Banks educational institutions & insurance companies use mainframe computers to store data about their customers, students & insurance policy holders.


Popular Mainframe computers

Fujitsu’s ICL VME

Hitachi’s Z800


3. Minicomputer


Minicomputers are used by small businesses & firms. Minicomputers are also called as “Midrange Computers”. These are small machines and can be accommodated on a disk with not as processing and data storage capabilities as super-computers & Mainframes. These computers are not designed for a single user. Individual departments of a large company or organizations use Mini-computers for specific purposes. For example, a production department can use Mini-computers for monitoring certain production process.


Popular Minicomputers

K-202

Texas Instrument TI-990

SDS-92

IBM Midrange computers


4. Microcomputer


Desktop computers, laptops, personal digital assistant (PDA), tablets & smartphones are all types of microcomputers. The micro-computers are widely used & the fastest growing computers. These computers are the cheapest among the other three types of computers. The Micro-computers are specially designed for general usage like entertainment, education and work purposes. Well known manufacturers of Micro-computer are Dell, Apple, Samsung, Sony & Toshiba.

Desktop computers, Gaming consoles, Sound & Navigation system of a car, Netbooks, Notebooks, PDA’s, Tablet PC’s, Smartphones, Calculators are all type of Microcomputers.


THE 3 FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENTS OF THE COMPUTER


System Unit>acts like the center or core, processing the data and information it receives from input devices.


Input Devices>An input device is any hardware device that sends data to a computer, allowing you to interact with and control the computer. 


Output Devices>these are the devices like printers. It receives the system unit's processed information.


Input Devices


The most commonly used or primary input devices on a computer are the keyboard and mouse. However, there are dozens of other devices that can also be used to input data into the computer.







Output Device


Is any peripheral that receives data from a computer, usually for display, projection, or physical reproduction.












Basic Parts of the System Unit


1. System Case

2. Motherboard

3. CPU

4. Power Supply

5. Hard disk

6. CDROM drive

7. Expansion Slot


1. System Case


A computer case also known as a computer chassis,

 tower, system unit, cabinet, base unit or simply

 case and sometimes incorrectly referred to as the "CPU"

 or "hard drive", is the enclosure that contains most

 of the components of a computer.

Two Types of System Case


1. Tower (Full, Mid, Mini) – designed to sit vertically

2. Desktop (Standard, Slimline) – designed to sit vertically



2. Motherboard


A Motherboard (sometimes alternatively known 

as the mainboard, system board, planar 

board or logic board,[1] or colloquially, a mobo)

 is the main printed circuit board (PCB) found

 in computers and other expandable systems.

 It holds and allows communication between many

 of the crucial electronic components of a system

 such as the central processing unit (CPU) and

 memory, and provides connectors for other peripherals.

 Unlike a backplane, a motherboard contains significant

 sub-systems such as the processor and other components.


3. CPU


A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions. The term has been used in the computer industry at least since the early 1960s. Traditionally, the term "CPU" refers to a processor, more specifically to its processing unit and control unit (CU), distinguishing these core elements of a computer from external components such as main memory and I/O circuitry.


Machine language – 1 0  1  0



4. Power Supply (Wattage)


A power supply is an electronic device that supplies electric energy to an electrical load. The primary function of a power supply is to convert one form of electrical energy to another and, as a result, power supplies are sometimes referred to as electric power converters. Some power supplies are discrete, stand-alone devices, whereas others are built into larger devices along with their loads. Examples of the latter include power supplies found in desktop computers and consumer electronics devices.



 



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5. Hard Disk (Storage Capacity -  Gigabytes (Gb))


A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk] is a data storage device used for storing and retrieving digital information using one or more rigid ("hard") rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material. The platters are paired with magnetic heads arranged on a moving actuator arm, which read and write data to the platter surfaces.] Data is accessed in a random-access manner, meaning that individual blocks of data can be stored or retrieved in any order rather than sequentially. HDDs retain stored data even when powered off.


TWO TYPES OF Hard disk

3. SATA - Serial Advance Technology Attachment

4. IDE – Integrated Drive Electronics

 



6. CD-Rom (Capability CDROM/CDRW/DVDROM/DVDRW)


A CD-ROM /ˌsiːˌdiːˈrɒm/ is a pre-pressed optical compact disc which contains data. The name is an acronym which stands for "Compact Disc Read-Only Memory". Computers can read CD-ROMs, but cannot write to CD-ROMs which are not writable or erasable.

CD- Compact Disk (700mb)

DVD-Digital Versatile Disk (4.7 Gb)

Expansion Slot


The expansion slot (also expansion board, adapter card or accessory card) in computing is a printed circuit board that can be inserted into an electrical connector, or expansion slot on a computer motherboard, backplane or riser card to add functionality to a computer system via the expansion bus. 





This is where you install the video card, sound card, lan card,










RAM – Random Access Memory

      Temporary form of storage, it holds the programs/

      data while the computer is running.





TYPES OF RAM

1. SIM – Single In line Memory module

*It contain 1 notch


2. DIMM – Dual In line Memory module

*It contain 2 notches



3. DDR – Dual Data Rate (found on latest computer)

DDR1, DDR2, DDR3, DDR4

 



What are the Different Motherboard Components and Their Functions?

 


1. Back Panel Connectors & Ports




Connectors and ports for connecting the computer to external devices such as display ports, audio ports, USB ports, Ethernet ports, PS/2 ports etc. See image below for a close-up view.

 


2. PCI Slots PCI: Peripheral Component Interconnect


Slot for older expansion cards such as sound cards, network cards, connector cards. See image below for a close-up view.


Have been largely replaced by PCI-Express x1 slots (see motherboard parts #3 below).

3. PCI Express x1 Slots Slot for modern expansion cards such as sound cards, network cards (Wi-Fi, Ethernet, Bluetooth), connector cards (USB, FireWire, eSATA) and certain low-end graphics cards. See image below for a close-up view.

4. PCI Express x16 Slot Slot for discrete graphic cards and high bandwidth devices such as top-end solid state drives. See image below for a close-up view.

5. Northbridge Also known as Memory Controller Hub (MCH).


Chipset that allows the CPU to communicate with the RAM and graphics card.


Beginning from Intel Sandy Bridge in 2011, this motherboard component is no longer present as it has been integrated within the CPU itself.

6. CPU Socket Insert CPU here. To learn how to install a CPU, 

7. ATX 12V Power Connector Connects to the 4-pin power cable of a power supply unit which supplies power to the CPU.

 

8. Front Panel USB 2.0 Connectors Connects to USB 2.0 ports at the front or top of a computer case. See image above for a close-up view.

9. Front Panel Connectors Connects to the power switch, reset switch, power LED, hard drive LED and front audio ports of a computer case. See image above for a close-up view.

10. IDE Connector Connects to older hard drive disks and optical drives for data transfer. See image above for a close-up view.


Have been replaced over by SATA connectors (see motherboard component #13 below).

11. CMOS Battery Supplies power to store BIOS settings and keep the real-time clock running. See image above for a close-up view.

Complementary Metal Oxide  Semi-Conductor (CMOS)


The CMOS battery found on most motherboards is the CR2032 lithium coin cell.

12. Southbridge Also known as the Input/Output Controller Hub (ICH).


Chipset that allows the CPU to communicate with PCI slots, PCI-Express x 1 slots (expansion cards), SATA connectors (hard drives, optical drives), USB ports (USB devices), Ethernet ports and on-board audio.

13. SATA Connectors Connects to modern hard disk drives, solid state drives and optical drives for data transfer. See image above for a close-up view.

14. Fan Headers Supplies power to the CPU heat sink fan and computer case fans. See image above for a close-up view.

15. RAM Slots Insert RAM here. To learn how to install RAM, 

16. ATX Power Connector Connects to the 24-pin ATX power cable of a power supply unit which supplies power to the motherboard.


17. mSATA Connector Connects to a mSATA solid state drive. In most cases, this SSD is used as cache to speed up hard disk drives, but it's possible to re-purpose it as a regular hard drive.

18. Front Panel USB 3.0 Connector Connects to USB 3.0 ports at the front or top of the computer case.

19. Power & Reset Button Onboard button to turn on, turn off and reboot the computer.


Computer Cable Connections - How to Connect Computer Cables


Learn how to identify computer cable connections and hook up your computer in minutes today... with our computer cable guide (with pictures).

Let's begin with display cables. There are four types of computer cable connections to a monitor: VGA, DVI, HDMI and DisplayPort. 

If your monitor accepts two or more cables types (e.g. VGA and DVI), you should just connect a single display cable to it. For this example, you can hook up your monitor to either a VGA cable or DVI cable (but not both).

If your CPU has integrated graphics and you install a discrete graphics card, you'll end up with two sets of display ports. In this case, ALWAYS connect your display cable to your graphics card and not the motherboard.



1. VGA Cable

Also known as D-sub cable, analog video cable


Connect one end to: computer monitor, television (PC input port)

Connect other end to: VGA port on computer 







2. DVI Cable


Connect one end to: computer monitor

Connect other end to: DVI port on computer (see image below)




3. HDMI Cable


Connect one end to: computer monitor, television

Connect other end to: HDMI port on computer (see image below)

Note: If you're hooking up a television to your computer, then we would recommend that you use a HDMI cable as your PC 




cable connection since it is able to transmit both display and sound - So you can not only use your TV screen as a monitor, but also make use of your TV speakers to play PC audio.


4. PS/2 Cable


Connect one end to: PS/2 keyboard, PS/2 mouse

Connect other end to: PS/2 ports on computer (see image below)

Purple PS/2 port: keyboard

Green PS/2 port: mouse



5. Ethernet Cable

Also known as RJ-45 cable


Connect one end to: router, network switch

Connect other end to: Ethernet port on computer (see image below)

LAN port – Local Area Network





6. 3.5mm Audio Cable – Audio Port

Also known as phone connector (since 3.5mm jacks are often found on mobile phones too)


Connect one end to: computer speakers, 3.5mm headphones, 3.5mm microphone

Connect other end to: audio ports on computer (see image below)

Green audio port: computer speakers or headphones

Pink audio port: microphone

Blue audio port: MP3 player, CD player, DVD player, turntable, electric guitar etc (line-in port to play and record sounds from the above devices)


7. USB Cable

For USB computer cable connections, there are two popular formats: USB 2.0 and the newer USB 3.0

How to tell USB 2.0 and 3.0 cables apart: USB 3.0 cables have a blue tip, and sometimes you can find a SS "Super Speed" label on it. See image below:


Since USB was intended to be the one computer cable connection to replace them all, it's no surprise that the possible uses for a USB port are quite mind-blowing. For this computer cable guide, we have listed its more common uses below:

Connect one end to: USB device

Storage devices: USB flash drive, external hard drive, external optical drive

Input devices: USB keyboard (wired and wireless), USB mouse (wired and wireless), webcam, scanner, gamepad

Output devices: printer, all-in-one office machine, USB speaker. 


8. Power Cable - Connect one end to: AC power socket

Connect other end to: power supply unit (see image below), computer monitor

Note: Always turn off your power supply unit (with the 1-0 switch at the back) before connecting a power cord to it.







SELF CHECK 1.3



1. What is computer?

2. What are the types of computer?

3. Uses of Supercomputer

4. Fundamental Elements of the computer system

5. Examples of Input devices

6. Examples of Output devices

7. Basic Parts of the System Unit


Give the meaning of the following:

1. CPU

2. RAM

3. HDD

4. USB

5. SATA

6. IDE

7. I/O

8. BIOS

9. HDMI

10. CD

11. DVD

12. PCI

13. AGP

14. DDR

15. DIMM


INFORMATION SHEET 1.5


How to Assemble a Basic Desktop PC


Step 1 Gather Tools and Supplies 


Gather the tools you will need for the project:

Screwdriver (for slotted and Phillips head screws)

Wire cutters and strippers

Needle-nosed pliers

Utility knife

Small flashlight

Adjustable wrench

Small container to hold screws

Heat sink compound

Grounding Strap


Step 2 Open the Case 


Open the computer case by removing the side panels. Find the screws that hold the side panels in place and remove. The panel is removed by first sliding it back then lifting it away from the case.





Step 3 Wear an anti static device


Put the grounding strap on your wrist (Figure 10) and connect the other end to the computer case. If your strap is not equipped with a clip to hook to the case, find a place to wedge against the metal as shown in figure 11. This will pre  vent any buildup of static electricity on your body from damaging the computer components.


Caution: Static electricity can ruin computer components. Always wear a grounding strap when handling any internal components.  

Step 4 Install Motherboard


To install the motherboard we need parts that should have been included with your purchased components:

I/O Bezel is a trim panel installed in the back of the case that surrounds the interface ports on the motherboard. It should be included with the motherboard. Figure 12 shows the contents of the motherboard box.

Standoffs are installed in the case screw holes to create a riser that separates the case and motherboard. The screws install into the standoffs as shown in figure 13. Screws and standoffs should be included with the case, but it is a good idea to order these items just in case they aren't included. 


Step 5 Install Hard drive


The hard drive is the device that stores all of your data. It is 3.5" wide and needs to be mounted so that you can gain access to the cable connections on the back (figure 16). If that is not possible you may need to connect cables before you install the drive. To mount the drive: 





Find a 3.5" drive bay  to install the drive in. If you have trouble finding a place to mount the drive consult your case documentation for suggestions.

Slide the drive into place until the screw holes on the sides are lined up with the holes in the case.

Install the screws.

Step 6 Install CPU

The CPU is the brain of the computer. It is installed on the motherboard in the socket shown in figure 20.To install the CPU:

Find the corner marking that designates pin  1 of the CPU as shown in figure 19. On this AMD brand processor, the corner is marked with an arrow. Consult the manufacturer's documentation for specific information about your processor.

Lift the small metal rod next to the socket as shown in figure 20.


Find the corresponding marking on the CPU socket and insert the CPU so that the markings are lined up.

Push the rod down to lock the processor in place (figure 21).


Step 7 Install RAM

The RAM is the temporary memory location that the processor works from. Permanently stored data is pulled from disks and stored in RAM while the processor works with it. The memory is easy to install:

Set the RAM board in the socket as shown in figure 22. Check to see that the notch in the board is in the correct location. If it is not, turn it around 180º. 

Press firmly on both ends of the board to set it into the socket. Make sure the tabs lock into place as shown in figure 23.   

Caution: Pressing the boards in when the tab is not aligned could cause damage to the RAM boards as well as the motherboard.

 

Step 8 Install CPU Fan & Case Fan


 The case fan is usually installed on the back panel of the case. If the fan mount is not obvious consult the case documentation. To mount the fan:

Align the mounting holes by holding the fan to the mounting pad on the inside of the case as shown in figure 25. The fan needs to be mounted so that it blows air out of the case.

Insert the screws from the outside of the case and tighten.


Step 9 Power Supply

There are two kinds of connections, power and data. 

Every device that has been installed needs power. In figure 27, the power supply connectors are shown. The motherboard has two power connections, and there are two connectors specifically for SATA devices (drives). The other connectors will run fans and other non-SATA devices.

Data cables connect drives and front panel devices to the motherboard. Please consult the motherboard documentation for the exact placement of connectors.

Warning: Incorrect connections can damage components and cause bodily injury.  

ANSWER KEY 1.2

A.

1LAN Card –This is a computer circuit board or card that is installed in a computer so that it can be connected to a network.

2. Soldering Iron – is used to join two or more metal conductors with the support of soldering lead melted around it.

3. USB – Universal Serial Bus, a hardware interface for low-speed peripherals such as the keyboard, mouse, joystick, scanner, printer and telephony devices. 

4. Flat Screw Driver – is used to drive or fasten negative slotted screws

5.Multitester-is an instrument use to measure voltage, current and resistance.



B. 1.  Port hub/ port

2.   LAN card

3.  Modem

4.  Scanner

5.  UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair) 


ANSWER KEY 1.3

1. d

2. c

3. c

4. b

5. b

ANSWER KEY 1.4

1. g

2. c

3. d

4. f

5. b

 

Program/ Course:  Computer Systems Servicing

Unit of Competency:  Install and Configure Computer Systems


Module: Installing of Computer Systems and Networks


Learning Outcome # 02 : Prepare installer


Assessment Criteria:  


1. Portable bootable devices are created in accordance with software manufacturer instruction

2. Customized installers are prepared in accordance with software utilization guide and end user agreement.

3. Installation of portable applications are carried out in accordance with software user guide and software license


Resources:


Tools, Materials and Equipment and Facilities

ICT Laboratory

Computer Table and Chairs

Computers

Printers

LCD

Webcam

Digital Camera

Installation CDs

And other Computer Acessories


References:


Andres Sr., Antonio M.  Introduction of Computer. Fully Illustrated, ValenzuelaCity; May 2003 World Class Publishing and Packaging 

Sto. Domingo, Josephine C.,Learning Windows XP and Internet the Easy Way Computers - The Easy Way

Computer Fundamentals, MakatiCity: STI Technology Institute Inc.; Copyright 1997

http://www.geeks.com/techtips/2006/techtips-24aug06.htm 

Computer Fundamentals, MakatiCity: STI Technology Institute Inc.; Copyright 1997

Sawyer, Stackey G./ Williams, Brian K., Using Information Technology, A Practical Introduction to Computers and Communications International Ed. MC Graw-Hill Higher Education;2000



Information Sheet 2.1


Software Installation


An installation program or installer is a computer program that installs files, such as applications, drivers, or other software, onto a computer.

 


Installation (or setup) of a computer program (including device drivers and plugins), is the act of making the program ready for execution. Because the process varies for each program and each computer, programs (including operating systems) often come with an installer, a specialized program responsible for doing whatever is needed for their installation. Installation may be part of a larger software deployment process.


Installer 


An installation program or installer is a computer program that installs files, such as applications, drivers, or other software, onto a computer. Some installers are specifically made to install the files they contain; other installers are general-purpose and work by reading the contents of the software package to be installed.


Common Windows Installer File Extension:

1. Executable - .exe

2. Microsoft Windows  Installation - .msi

3. Compressed Zip File - .zip

4. ISO image - .iso


                 




SELF CHECK 2.1


1. Common Windows Installer File Extension

2. What is an installer?


Information Sheet 2.2


How to create bootable USB Windows Installer


Things you need:

Apple (or PC) running XP or Windows 7+

Rufus application (3rd party software)

ISO image – in this example Windows 7 OS

8 GB USB flash drive (minimum recommended)

Step 1– Find and open the Rufus application.








 

Program/ Course:  Computer Systems Servicing

Unit of Competency:  Install and Configure Computer Systems


Module:  Installing and Configuring Computer Systems


Learning Outcome No. 3 Install operating system and drivers for peripherals/ devices


Assessment Criteria:  


1. Operating system (OS) is installed in accordance with established installation procedures and to comply with end-user requirements 

2. Peripherals/devices drivers are installed and configured in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions and/or OS installation procedures. 

3. OS and drivers updates/patches are accessed and installed in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations and requirements 

4. On-going checks of the quality of the work are undertaken in accordance with established procedures

Resources:


Tools, Materials and Equipment and Facilities

ICT Laboratory

Computer Table and Chairs

Computers

Printers

Installation CDs

And other Computer Accessories


References:

Sawyer, Stackey G./ Williams, Brian K., Using Information Technology, A Practical Introduction to Computers and Communications International Ed. MC Graw-Hill Higher Education;2000

Meyers Mike, Introduction to PC Hardware and Troubleshooting, Philippines: McGraw-Hill Education (Asia): 2006

Marcelo, Antoinette R., Understanding PC Hardware, Philippines: Jemma Inc., 2007

http://www.pcguide.com/byop/byop_PoweringUptheSystemfortheFirstTime.htm

http://www.tekxam.com/StudyGuide/concepts/Troubleshooting/troubleshooting.html

http://www.pcguide.com/ts/toolsSoftware-c.html

http://www.pcguide.com/ts/toolsSoftware-c.html

INFORMATION SHEET 3.1


Introduction to Computer Operating System



Operating System (Os) 

is a software that manages computer resources and provides programmers/users with an interface used to access those resources. 


is a layer of software which takes care of technical aspects of a computer's operation. It shields the user of the machine from the low-level details of the machine's operation and provides frequently needed facilities.


Below is a listing of common operating systems available today, and who developed them.

Operating system Developer Operating system Developer

Corel Linux

Corel

MS-DOS 5.x

Microsoft


Linux

Linux Torvalds

MS-DOS 6.x

Microsoft


MAC OS 8

Apple

Windows 2000

Microsoft


MAC OS 9 Apple

Windows 2003 Microsoft


MAC OS 10 Apple

Windows 95

Microsoft


MAC OS X Apple

Windows 98

Microsoft


Mandrake Linux

Mandrake Windows CE

Microsoft


MS-DOS 1.x

Microsoft

Windows ME

Microsoft


MS-DOS 2.x

Microsoft

Windows NT

Microsoft


MS-DOS 3.x

Microsoft

Windows Vista

Microsoft


MS-DOS 4.x

Microsoft

Windows XP

Microsoft


Windows 7 Microsoft Windows 8 Microsoft

Windows 10 Microsoft



INFORMATION SHEET 3.2


Software Packages And Use Of Application Programs



Software is the component of a computer system which refers to the set of instructions written in a code-that computers can understand and execute.  Another name for this set of instructions is program.


Three Types of Software


1. System Software (Operating System)

2. Application Software

3. Programming Language


System Software.  This software tells the CPU what to do, a more common term is Operating System (OS).  The most popular OS in use for PC microcomputer is Microsoft’s MS DOS.  DOS for short is a collection of various programs that help control your PC.  Other operating systems are Microsoft Windows  (from the early Windows 95 and 98 to the current windows Vista, OS 2, MAC OS, Unix, Linux and Apple’s OS 9.


Application Software.   This is designed and written to perform specific personal, business, or scientific processing tasks, such as payroll, processing, human resource management, or inventory management. Common Application software are the following:


Word Processor – This serves as an electronic typewriter and even more.  With word processors, the user can easily produce quality documents like memos and reports.  Popular word processors include MS Word and Word Perfect.


Spreadsheets- These are programs that simulate a paper divided into rows and columns, where values can be placed.  These are used for advanced numerical analysis and calculations.Some of the more common spreadsheet programs are Lotus 1-2-3 and, Ms Excel and Open Calculate.


Database Programs – These serve to collect a structured collection of data, which can later be managed and manipulated.


Presentation Software – These are programs that allow users to create electronic presentation for reports and other functions.


Desktop Publishing Software – This allow the user to create page makeups and do simple typesetting to produce various materials, such as books pamphlets, reports, and booklets.  Example of DTP software are MS Publisher, and PageMaker.


Reference Software – These are electronic versions of various references such as encyclopedia, almanacs, atlases, dictionaries, thesauri, and the like.


Graphics Programs – These allow the creation and manipulation of graphics, images, objects, and pictures.  Some of the common graphics programs are CorelDraw, Photoshop, and Computer Aided Design (CAD)


Educational Software – These include tutorials and electronic lessons that give students knowledge or training in a particular subject or skill, such as Math or Science or in gardening or cooking.


Computer Games – These are programs that simulate real games or provide entertainment and adventure to users.


Network Software – These are programs that make it possible for computers in different areas to be connected, allowing their users to communicate with each other.


Language Software – These provide programmers with the necessary tools to write programs and instructions to computer.


Programming Software. Programmers use this software for making computer programs.  Programming software is a tool to make software using different programming languages.

 

SELF-CHECK 3.1




A. TRUE OR FALSE. Write T if the statement is true and correct  and F if it is not.Use a separate sheet of paper in answering.



______ 1. Word processors are used to create special movie effects.

______ 2. Systems software tells the CPU what to do.

______ 3. Software refers to the set od instructions that computer can understand and execute.

______ 4. Reference software includes tutorial and electronic lessons that give students knowledge or training in a particular subject or skill.

______ 5. Graphics Program allow the users to execute electronic presentations for reports and other functions.


SELF CHECK 3.2


3. What is an Operating System

4. Common operating system

5. Types of Software

6. Examples of Application Software

7. Examples of Programming Language

8. How to create bootable usb windows 7 installer


INFORMATION SHEET 3.3


Multimedia Systems



Multimedia is the combination of different types of communication media (sound, print, video, and so on)


Multimedia refers to computer system that lets the user access and interact with computerized text high resolution still graphics, motion visuals, and sound.  Three elements in particular distinguish multimedia: sound, motion, and the opportunity for interaction.


CD-ROM is the backbone of multimedia applications, a spinoff of audio CD technology, stands for compact disk-read-only memory.  The name implies its application.  CD ROM disks are created at a mastering facilities, just as audio CDs are created at a recording studio. The following is a sampling of available CD.  


The Grolier Electronic Encyclopedia

The Oxford English Dictionary

Microsoft Bookshelf

Great Cities of the World

Sound Effects

The Animals

World Atlas

Dessert Storm and others


These days a desktop computer is usually a multimedia computer, with sound and graphics capability.  A multimedia computer features such equipment as a fast processor, DVD device, sound card, graphics card and speakers, and you may also wish to have headphones and microphones.  You may even wish to add scanner, sound recorder, and digital camera.


Multimedia presentations are becoming more and more prevalent.  These types of presentations are being used not only in encyclopedia and other reference tools, but for selling a product or teaching a new concept.


SELF-CHECK 3.3



1. What is multimedia?  Give examples of communication  media.

2. Discuss the importance of multimedia in maintaining, upgrading and repairing our Personal Computers.




INFORMATION SHEET 3.4


How to install an Operating System (Windows 7) Screen Shots



Step 1 : Insert bootable USB installer


 

Step 2 : Power on PC


 

Step 3 : Press BIOS setup key repeatedly

(Depends on PC Brand: F1, F2, F10, Del)



 

Step 4 : Arrange Boot Order, Boot Sequence, Start-up device or something similar:

1st Boot – USB installer

2nd Boot – Hard Disk

 

Step 5 : Save the new settings by pressing F10, Esc (Depends on BIOS). Confirm by selecting Yes.

  Step 6: Quickly press any key to boot from USB.

 

Step 7: Click on Next to continue


 

Step 8 : Click on Install Now


 

Step 9 : Check on I accept… and click Next


  Step 10: Select custom installation


 


Step 11 : Delete and create partition


  Step 12 : Wait for the installation to finish


 


INFORMATION SHEET 3.5


Device Drivers



Device Drivers

Now that you have an operating system installed, you’ll need to install drivers for your devices such as Video Cards, Network Interface Cards, Sound Cards, etc. In many cases, if Windows recognizes the device, drivers will be installed automatically. In some cases, generic drivers are installed and they will work fine. 

Drivers are small software programs that help the operating system use or “drive” the device. Whenever a device doesn’t work properly, ask if the proper driver has been installed. 

Driver Installation Example: Monitor Driver

Installing the proper monitor information files is one of the small things that purchasing a fully assembled PC 


Default Monitor Driver

In the Control Panel, select.System to open the System Properties dialog box Then select “Device Manager” to get a list of hardware in the PC. Finally, click “Monitor,” and you’ll see that a generic monitor is listed. 

  



Installing a Sound Card Drivers

Once the sound card is installed, start the system and let the windows Plug and Play install the sound card’s drivers. After your driver is installed, make a quick trip to Device Manager to make sure that the driver was installed correctly.  . The Printer Install Wizard is perfectly installed

Installing Other Drivers

Proceed similarly to install drivers for your other devices, such as a sound card if you have one. Whenever a device doesn’t seem to be working properly, ask if you’ve installed the proper device driver or if it’s been done automatically. Looking for the device under Device Manager in Windows is a good way to see if the device driver is installed. As you can see in the figure below a question mark by Ethernet Controller in Device Manager shows that network drivers aren’t yet installed.

 

Unrecognized device


If your main board has built-in sound or networking, a CD that contains drivers probably came with the main board. Place the CD into the CD drive and let Windows search for the appropriate driver. 


Other common drivers are LAN (Local Area Networking) driver, CD media driver, expansion cards, keyboards, printers, USB devices and others.


INFORMATION SHEET 3.6


How to Install Device Drivers


Four(4) ways to install device drivers:


9. Manufacturer’s DVD/Installer


Normally provided upon buying your computer/printer/laptop

         




10. Driver Pack Solution 


These are packaged of drivers

             



11. Device Manager (Driver Update) 

















To access : click on Start>Right Click Computer>Manage>Device Manager


12. Download on-line 

-Search the web, key in the Model Name & Number


ANSWER KEY 2.2


1. Operating System configures and manages hardware and it helps to connect hardware and applications.

2. Common operating systems are MAC  OS, Windows, MS-DOS and Linux.

3. Operating System, Application Software, Programming Language


ANSWER KEY 2.3


A. True or False 

1. False

2. True

3. True

4. False

5. False


B. 

System Software – tells the Central processing unit what to do.


Application Software – This is designed and written to perform specific 

personal, business, or scientific processing tasks, such as payroll processing, human resource management, or inventory management. 


Programming Software - to make software using different programming languages.



ANSWER KEY 2.5

1. A multimedia is a combination of multiple communication media such as text, graphics, video, animation, sounds and others.

2. Since CD-ROM is the backbone of multimedia applications we now have different software applications that help the computer technician or even the user to maintain, upgrade, install and repair our computers.



SELF CHECK 3.4


1. Enumerate the steps in installing an Operating System (OS) – Windows 7





2. Give the four ways on how to install device drivers





3. How do you access device manager?





4. What are the things to consider when downloading device driver?


OPERATION SHEET 3.4


Device Drivers



Material: Installation CD


Given an installation CD, perform installation of a device driver.


Student’s output will be graded thru Performance Score Card below.



PERFORMANCE SCORE CARD


Performance Criteria Scoring

1 2 3 4 5

1. The system is correctly started.

2. The Installation CD is properly inserted.

3. Handling and safekeeping of installation CD is observed.

4. The instructions how to install device drivers are accurately followed.

5. The device drivers are successfully installed


5 - Excellently Performed

- Very Satisfactorily Performed

3 - Satisfactorily Performed

2 - Fairly Performed

1 - Poorly Performed

 

 INFORMATION SHEET 3.5


Installation Of Peripherals, Network Devices And Other I/O Devices

Installation Of Peripherals

Note: If your computer doesn’t have an operating system installed yet, you will want to stop after you install your mouse and keyboard, install your operating system, and then resume the installation of your peripherals

 Installing the Keyboard 

1. Read and follow the manufacturer’s instructions

2. Determine if the keyboard uses a PS/2 or USB connector. The PS/2 connector for keyboards is round and typically colored purple, while the USB is  flat and rectangular in shape. 






3. Installing the keyboard by plugging it into the chosen port.

Note: Do not install your keyboard while your Computer is powered on and do not unplug your keyboard while your computer is running.

 Installing the Mouse

Installing a mouse is very similar to installing a keyboard. You will still find mice with either USB or PS/2 connectivity, although most of the newer mice will use a USB connection, especially if you are using a mouse for gaming. Just like the keyboard, you can also use an adapter to change a USB connection to PS/2. If you are going to have a lot of USB peripherals, you may want to consider using adapters for your mouse and keyboard or perhaps using a USB hub for some of your peripherals. To complete the installation, simply plug the mouse into the proper port.

Installing the Monitor 

Installing a monitor (also known as a “display”) requires 

1. Provide a  free power outlet for A/C power.

2. Identifying the connection type you will use to connect the monitor to your graphics card

3. For the best picture quality possible, use the digital DVI port on your graphics card and display if they are available. Most graphics cards now support multiple monitors and they typically include the adapters required to change a DVI connection to VGA for older displays. 

4. Once you have the display plugged in, simply connect it to the appropriate connector on your video card and you are ready to go. Drivers are not typically required for displays. but once again consult the manufacturer’s instructions for details.

 Installing the Speakers 

1. Determine the type of speakers you are using. Perform  a simple set of 2.0 or 2.1 speakers.

2. Connect the audio cable to the “line-out” jack of your computer’s sound card, and connect the other end(s) to the speaker unless they are already “hard-wired” 

3. Plug in the power cord. 

4. If you are using a full 5.1 or 7.1 surround sound system, the connections get a bit more complicated. 

 Installing a Webcam

Most webcams are USB-powered and simply require that you plug them in and install their drivers. However, some cams require that the drivers be installed first, so be sure to read the instructions that came with your webcam to avoid any problems.

 Installing the Printer 

1. Make sure that you have an appropriate printer cable and, if necessary, a separate power cable.

2. Turn off your PC and install the USB or parallel cable between the printer and the PC.

3. Insert the ink cartridge or toner cartridge.

4. Plug in the printer and turn it on.

5. Reboot you PC. 

6. Wait for Windows to see the new printer hardware and start the Printer Install Wizard.

7. If you have an Installation CD, cancel the Printer Install Wizard and allow it to auto play.  Follow the instructions to install the printer driver.

8. After the printer has been installed, run a test print to verify that the printer is working properly.

 

OPERATION SHEET 3.5


Installation of Peripherals, Network Devices and other I/O Devices



Equipment, Tools, and Materials: Window system without an installed printer, any type of printer with cables, documentation, and an installation CD


Given the following tools, materials and equipment, perform installation of a printer.


Student’s output will be graded thru Performance Score Card below.



PERFORMANCE SCORE CARD


Performance Criteria Scoring

1 2 3 4 5

1. The USB or parallel cable is properly installed.

2. The ink or toner cartridge is correctly inserted.

3. The printer is properly plugged and turned on.

4. The Personal Computer (PC) is rebooted.

5. The Printer Install Wizard is perfectly installed

6. A test print is successfully done.

7.The printer is perfectly working.


5 - Excellently Performed

- Very Satisfactorily Performed

3 - Satisfactorily Performed

2 - Fairly Performed

1 - Poorly Performed

 

Program/ Course:  Computer Systems Servicing

Unit of Competency:  Install and Configure Computer Systems


Module:  Installing and Configuring Computer Systems


Learning Outcome No. 4 Install application software


Assessment Criteria:  


1. Application software are installed based on software installation guides, end-user requirements and software license agreement

2. Variation to application software installation is carried out in accordance to customer/client requirements 

3. Software updates are accessed and installed in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations and requirements


Resources:


Tools, Materials and Equipment and Facilities

ICT Laboratory

Computer Table and Chairs

Computers

Printers

Installation CDs

And other Computer Accessories


References:

Sawyer, Stackey G./ Williams, Brian K., Using Information Technology, A Practical Introduction to Computers and Communications International Ed. MC Graw-Hill Higher Education;2000

Meyers Mike, Introduction to PC Hardware and Troubleshooting, Philippines: McGraw-Hill Education (Asia): 2006

Marcelo, Antoinette R., Understanding PC Hardware, Philippines: Jemma Inc., 2007

http://www.pcguide.com/byop/byop_PoweringUptheSystemfortheFirstTime.htm

http://www.tekxam.com/StudyGuide/concepts/Troubleshooting/troubleshooting.html

http://www.pcguide.com/ts/toolsSoftware-c.html

http://www.pcguide.com/ts/toolsSoftware-c.html

 

INFORMATION SHEET 4.1


Application Software


An application program (app or application for short) is a computer program designed to perform a group of coordinated functions, tasks, or activities for the benefit of the user. Examples of an application include a word processor, a spreadsheet, an accounting application, a web browser, a media player, an aeronautical flight simulator, a console game or a photo editor. The collective noun application software refers to all applications collectively.[1] This contrasts with system software, which is mainly involved with running the computer


  



Classification


There are many different ways to divide up different types of application software, and several are explained here.


Since the development and near-universal adoption of the web, an important distinction that has emerged has been between web applications — written with HTML, JavaScript and other web-native technologies and typically requiring one to be online and running a web browser, and the more traditional native applications written in whatever languages are available for one's particular type of computer. There has been a contentious debate in the computing community regarding web applications replacing native applications for many purposes, especially on mobile devices such as smart phones and tablets. Web apps have indeed greatly increased in popularity for some uses, but the advantages of applications make them unlikely to disappear soon, if ever. Furthermore, the two can be complementary, and even integrated.[7][8][9]


Application software can also be seen as being either horizontal or vertical. Horizontal applications are more popular and widespread, because they are general purpose, for example word processors or databases. Vertical applications are niche products, designed for a particular type of industry or business, or department within an organization. Integrated suites of software will try to handle every specific aspect possible of, for example, manufacturing or banking systems, or accounting, or customer service.


Types of application software


Application suite consists of multiple applications bundled together. They usually have related functions, features and user interfaces, and may be able to interact with each other, e.g. open each other's files. Business applications often come in suites, e.g. Microsoft Office, LibreOffice and iWork, which bundle together a word processor, a spreadsheet, etc.; but suites exist for other purposes, e.g. graphics or music.


Enterprise software addresses the needs of an entire organization's processes and data flows, across several departments, often in a large distributed environment. Examples include enterprise resource planning systems, customer relationship management (CRM) systems and supply chain management software. 


Enterprise infrastructure software provides common capabilities needed to support enterprise software systems. (Examples include databases, email servers, and systems for managing networks and security.)


Information worker software lets users create and manage information, often for individual projects within a department, in contrast to enterprise management. Examples include time management, resource management, analytical, collaborative and documentation tools.


Content access software is used primarily to access content without editing, but may include software that allows for content editing. Such software addresses the needs of individuals and groups to consume digital entertainment and published digital content. (Examples include media players, web browsers, and help browsers.)


Educational software is related to content access software, but has the content or features adapted for use in by educators or students. For example, it may deliver evaluations (tests), track progress through material, or include collaborative capabilities.

INFORMATION SHEET 4.2


Installing an Application Software Screenshots


  Installing Microsoft Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Publisher, Access)


Step 1 : Find the installer folder and open it at Start>Computer>Local Disk D:>Office 20010

               (Follow the red arrow)

 

 




Step 2 : Right click Setup.exe and select Open and simply follow the on-screen instruction.


 



Program/ Course:  Computer Systems Servicing

Unit of Competency:  Install and Configure Computer Systems


Module:  Installing and Configuring Computer Systems


Learning Outcome No. 5 Conduct testing and documentation


Assessment Criteria:  


1. Devices / systems and/or installation is tested to determine whether it conforms to requirements 

2. Stress test is conducted to ensure reliability of equipment in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions and system requirements

3. 5S and 3Rs are followed according to environmental policies 

4. Documentation in relation to the test is forwarded to appropriate personnel and/or authority in accordance with requirements


Resources:


Tools, Materials and Equipment and Facilities

ICT Laboratory

Computer Table and Chairs

Computers

Printers

Installation CDs

And other Computer Accessories


References:

Sawyer, Stackey G./ Williams, Brian K., Using Information Technology, A Practical Introduction to Computers and Communications International Ed. MC Graw-Hill Higher Education;2000

Meyers Mike, Introduction to PC Hardware and Troubleshooting, Philippines: McGraw-Hill Education (Asia): 2006

Marcelo, Antoinette R., Understanding PC Hardware, Philippines: Jemma Inc., 2007

http://www.pcguide.com/byop/byop_PoweringUptheSystemfortheFirstTime.htm

http://www.tekxam.com/StudyGuide/concepts/Troubleshooting/troubleshooting.html

http://www.pcguide.com/ts/toolsSoftware-c.html

http://www.pcguide.com/ts/toolsSoftware-c.html



SAMPLE COMPUTER COMPONENTS WITH SPECIFICATIONS



ITEM NAME SPECIFICATION QUANTITY

1. System Case Mini Tower 1

2. Power Supply ATX 700 Watts 1

3. Motherboard Asrock H81m-VG4 Rev 2.0 1

4. CPU Intel Pentium LGA1150 G2360 3.30 Ghz 1

5. RAM DDR4 4GB Kingston 

2

6. Hard disk SATA 500 Gb Seagate 1

7. CDROM None

8. Video Card On-board




Prepared by:


_________________________

      Name & Signature




Checked by:



ERIC M. TALAMISAN

CSS NC II Instructor 



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